Our photo above shows an improper and certainly not code-compliant mess of pigtail splices in electrical wires. They are designed and approved for use in rework within existing structures. If spliced, what works best or is preferred - wire nuts, wiring block, solder?Thanks! Solder the twisted wires at the point where the twist began. The Ontario Electrical Safety Code is a provincial regulation that sets safety standards for the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment. We describe various old wiring safety hazards, code violations, and generally bad practices, some of which can be lethal … Try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly. Not clear why this happens when all is on line side -- thought GFCI shouldn't react to things on line side? Knob and tube wiring connections were made outside of electrical junction boxes. 1997, Chapter 4, herein referred to as FPPA, and its companion regulation, Ontario Regulation 213/07 Fire Code, herein referred to as the Fire Code ensures that compliance not only protects the occupants of structures, but in the event of … Trim off sharp points protruding from the end of the twist. The right amount of tape to use on a joint is the amount that will provide insulation about as thick as the original insulation on the wire. Would like to relocate an outside AC condenser. If the knob and tube wiring system is not in good repair it may need to be replaced for fire safety. The AlumiConn TM connector shown here is used to splice a copper "pigtail" wire together with one or two aluminum wires as a step in reducing the fire hazard associated with aluminum electrical wiring. Tyco Electronics produces non-metallic electrical wiring splice and tap kits for splicing and tapping "romex" electrical wire, specifically 2-wire with ground and for splicing 3-wire with ground circuits with ground on non metallic electrical wiring cable for systems up to 300V. 334.40 (B) Devices of Insulating Material Switch, outlet, and tap devices of insulating material shall be permitted to be used without boxes in exposed cable wiring and for rewiring in existing buildings where the cable is concealed and fished. "Simplified Electrical Wiring," Sears, Roebuck and Co., 15705 (F5428) Rev. Revisions to the Ontario Electrical Safety Code are made through consultation at both the provincial and national level, and through the Electrical … I can't recommend it for someone else. NFPA 79, Chapter 13 - see http://www.nfpa.org/, Some sources include red with white tracer line = switched neutral. The second unit must be smaller in floor area than the principal unit. Wires used in the electrical circuit of a home are not normally joined using simple twist-together+ taping nor soldering + taping except where knob and tube wiring has been installed. When you are joining electrical wires used to carry current in a home you'll be using a solderless twist-on connector such as we show at left. The proper way of making safe, secure splices is to make a good mechanical and electrical joint-that is, strong enough not to pull apart and tight enough so there is no loss of voltage. Watch out: despite no obvious fire damage such as burn marks at the electrical service drop at the pole, ask your electrician to inspect for heat damage as heat alone, even without flame, can damage electrical wiring. Apologies for the delay. It is moving ~40'.Restated, does an outside AC unit require a single, unjunctioned run from the panel or can it be spliced? "How to plan and install electric wiring for homes, farms, garages, shops," Montgomery Ward Co., 83-850. I agree that the claim never had a problem is a ridiculous one both because it has no statistical basis. My new home is about 50 feet farther from the pole than the original home. From the planning stages to the final touches, … Lugs which use a screw to bind wire into a holding device, and bus-bars which use a similar approach are used inside of electrical panels to join multiple neutral or ground wires together or to secure large-diameter wires. After all it's been fine up to now. Keep in mind this process will move the dust around, which can be mistaken for smoke and can set off the alarm. AnonBy "naked electrical wire" I assume you are referring to the bear or uninsulated conductor. They are usually based on a model code (with or without local amendments) produced by a national or international standards organisation, such as the IEC.. Australia and New Zealand. Yet. The Wago Wall Nut is a device which connects several wires of different gauges and types, as you can see in this photo. I have no fire damage at the service pole. [DF NOTE: I do NOT recommend this obsolete publication, though it was cited in the original. SERVING YOU BETTER. Secure the completed electrical wire splice with an approved twist-on connector as we discuss below. In most jurisdictions there is no requirement that knob and tube wiring be removed or replaced, but it is not permitted to extend a knob and tube electrical circuit - say by adding wires to connect additional devices like receptacles. That way when you screw on a twist-on connector (which also is tightened by turning it clockwise) you won't be un-twisting your wires. This question was posted originally at ELECTRICAL JUNCTION BOX TYPES. Because they work with things like wiring and refrigerants, technicians face potential hazards like electrical shock, frostbite, and burns. National Electrical Code 2011 (NEC) - see http://www.nfpa.org/ (adopted in all 50 U.S. states), 3. Those hazards are only going to increase in frequency and severity as our climate continues to heat up. How to make proper & safe electrical wiring splices & connections: This article answers basic questions about how splices (connections between two or more electrical wires) are made to connect & secure electrical wires together in residential or commercial building electrical wiring systems. I’m going to outline some of them here so you can have a look around your home to ensure your home is safe. The fact that the light or fan is "listed" and wired as per the manufacturer's instructions should be sufficient. But the thread is under the seat where you don't see it. InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. Essentially yes, Gary but not exactly. There is current in the naked wire but it is not coming to the sucket. Be careful when pushing an electrical splice back into the junction box - don't loosen the connector you've installed or your connection will be poor and possibly unsafe. Our photo above shows some pigtail splices inside of a metal junction box - in this case, because the wires are aluminum, the connectors shown are not the proper ones, and these splices are a fire hazard. We describe just how we twist wires together for a twisted splice just below in this article. The risk that is an overheated connection that could become unsafe.Experienced electrician sometimes work on live wires. THE ONTARIO ELECTRICAL CODE RULES FOR YOUR HOME . If you look in the ARTICLE INDEX that are articles on aluminum wiring repair and. For example, a 110V / 120VAC wire splice must be in a listed enclosure but that might be inside of a light fixture such as a wall-mounted floodlight that includes a box but at which the light base forms the cover; Be careful around the sensors and wiring. Feed runs from basement to line terminals on GFCI. - Photo courtesy of Tim Hemm. These joints are taped as described above. That's the grounding conductor and it should never in normal circumstances be carrying electrical current. Spliced and soldered wire splices such as in stereo wires should always be taped. using ROMEX SPLICE CONNECTORS the connection should be within an electrical box. In normal practice knob and tube wiring splices are soldered and also taped. 3. The final authority is your local electrical inspector, Bill, but most likely she'll be perfectly fine with an appropriately-sized weatherproof junction box to make the wire connections to extend to the new home location. Call the CSA Group at 800-463-6727 and ask for a replacement. Here is what Home Depot's product overview says about these connectors (selling for about $7.50 U.S.D. Wiring installation codes and regulations are intended to protect people and property from electrical shock and fire hazards. However personally I would never use them. Electrical wiring color code guide: This article describes the electrical wiring color code conventions for 120V or 240V AC circuit wiring in buildings in Canada, the U.S., the U.K. and the I.E.C. You may need to go to a larger sized electrical wire. ESA has partnered with CSA Group to offer the Ontario Electrical Safety Code book and all ESA bulletins together for one price, at a reduced rate from prior years. Home; Section 9 of the Ontario Building Code; Section 9 of the Ontario Building Code Our photo at above left shows an expert using a Scotchlok 3M electrical connector to cap a splice which was also coated with an antioxidant. Our our enlargement above and our page top photo shows a pigtail splice at the lower left of the drawing. The package is available in print for $219 or a searchable, digital format for $195. This does not have to be up to code. Yes. Full Line Electrical Distribution. If you are stripping wires that are not part of the building's electrical system, such as speaker wires, you may not be using a mechanical connector, just tape, and the length of wire that you need to strip depends on the number of wires being joined and your ability to twist them securely together. Use the other pliers to twist the wires. The current (24th) edition was published in 2018. We discuss this connector in more detail, The AMP COPALUM connector (now sold by TYCO) is also used to connect copper to aluminum wiring, and is also discussed. Is it safe to use romex splice kits sold at home depot, so that 6 receptacles in a kitchen back splash can be lowered about 4" and realigned from vertical to horizontal? 120V / 240V A/C Electrical Wiring Color Codes & Conventions: U.S. Wire Insulation Color: Alternative Wire Colors: Label: Function: Comments: Black : L Line voltage, single phase: … Review our discussion below to see when you can just tape electrical wire splices. In a jurisdiction where it is permitted to extend a knob and tube electrical circuit, it's necessary to change from open soldered and tape-wrapped electrical wire splices to splices contained in electrical junction boxes, as we show in Carson Dunlop's sketch. There are so many common deficiencies that we come across when we work in homes. Openings in such devices shall form a close fit around the outer covering of the cable, and the device shall fully enclose the part of the cable from which any part of the covering has been removed. A twist-on connector (what you call a "wire nut") may not have the capacity for the necessary wire size. The current interest rate is 6.75% and is spread over 5 years, with your monthly payments of just $15 … We discuss this connector (now obsolete for aluminum wire repair) in more detail, at HOW to REDUCE the RISK of ALUMINUM WIRING. The national version of the Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1, is available in French and English, and can be purchased through CSA Group. Quoting from authoritative codes & standards for each region we provide a table summarizing the current and prior wiring color code conventions used by electricians in building wiring. In this case the length of wire from which you need to strip insulation depends on the number of wires being joined together and the size of the twist-on connector you're going to use. Apply the tape by wrapping it diagonally along the joint starting on the insulation at one end. You may need to clear or refresh your browser cache to see the updated page. The Canadian Electrical Code, CE Code, or CSA C22.1 is a standard published by the Canadian Standards Association pertaining to the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment in Canada.. When we see exposed electrical work like this we know that someone un-trained has been doing electrical work on the building and we need to be alert for other faulty electrical wiring practices. Bend the ends of the wires over each other at right angles and twist them around each other. The Minister of Government and Consumer Services approved the adoption of the new Code, which came into effect May 16, 2019. 4-77 1977 [Lots of sketches of older-type service panels.]. Non-rated materials are accelerants in event of fire. Bulletins provide important updates and interpretations and used to be offered separately. These are identified in the Code with the symbol below.Â. Splice and Tap Kits also eliminate wire nuts for installation and replace the conventional method for adding a splice or tap for non-metallic cable without the need for exposed and unsightly junction boxes. The pigtail type of splice is best when joining three or more wires. Before doing any work on the switch, the power source must be turned off by setting a circuit breaker to OFF or removing a fuse.See SAFETY for ELECTRICAL INSPECTORS. SamThere are piercing type splice connectors that can work online cord and some other types of electrical wiring. Make as many wraps as necessary to build the tape to the proper thickness. A tap splice is shown in our page top sketch at lower right and again here. The two images above illustrate two of Tyco's NMC splice kit models. Electrical work conducted after this date must … In addition to the CEC, there are also other rules that must be followed, such as local STANDATA’s. If the joining wire is stranded, such as speaker wire, the strands may be separated into two bunches and then wrapped in opposite directions along the continuous wire to form a more secure connection. It contains the complete version of the Canadian Electrical Code and the Ontario-specific amendments.Â, In addition to specific Ontario administrative requirements, there are also technical differences. - GFCI Nuisance Tripping solved by pigtailing, Brian We offer the brands you know and love for all your commercial, residential and industrial projects. - ALL in-wall wiring (whether high voltage or "low") MUST be rated for "in wall use". Electrical wires in a building are sometimes joined without twisting wires together. CSA Group will ship the replacement at no charge. NEC approved Article 334-40b. Don't damage the wire during stripping of insulation: Be careful that you don't nick the metal wire when cutting the insulation in preparation to strip it off. We take pride in our ability to provide customized electrical solutions to your exact specifications. Your extensive shop time will include a progression through residential, commercial and industrial wiring … Splices in an building's electrical circuit must be connected using an approved wiring connector, such as a twist-on connector ("Wire Nut" is a trademarked name for a brand of twist-on connectors.). But then you've never been in an accident. I can't imagine justifying rewiring an entire house just because some wires got cut. Romex Splice Kits are plug-type devices that are designed to permit tapping and splicing of non-metallic electrical wire (NMC or "Romex" wire) outside of an electrical box. Splicing electrical wires - that is, the electrical connection or joining of two or more wires that conduct electricity in a building - is a task that can be learned easily, but if the splice is not made correctly, the electrical system will be unreliable and unsafe, risking fire or shock hazards. Patrick,You should not connect copper directly to aluminum wire or the connection is likely to overheat and fail. Even when a hot line switch is off, one terminal on the switch is still connected to the power source. Using the wrong type of electrical splice connector, or one for which studies have shown poor performance, can lead to a melted or failed electrical connection, possibly risking shock or fire. This is not an exclusive list and is not intended to replace an … Any and all help is appreciated, thank you, JesseHere is a crimp-type T-connector rated for 12/10 that connects 3 wires - from Morris Products. For light wire, such as stereo speaker wires, when two wires are joined, cross about two inches of each end of prepared wire. We also discuss the use of electrical splices or wiring connectors outside of electrical boxes. I would love avoiding having to strip or cut the existing live wires, so what can i do? The smoke alarm doesn’t … These devices are permitted by the U.S. NEC (National Electrical Code) - see these code sections: 300.15 Where boxes or fittings are required, (H) Insulated Devices As permitted in 334.40(B), a box or conduit body shall not be required for insulated devices supplied by nonmetallic-sheathed cable. And while I'm on my rant, the in-wall speakers must be rated for such use, and unless explicitly exempted they must be installed in a "box" (drywall box or designated enclosure), and the wires must pass through a panel/plate. Excerpts for the U.S. only are given just below. (Don't bend current-conducting electrical wires at a sharp angle however.) An analogy I use is driving around in your 65 Mustang convertible with a seatbelt that's worn to a mere thread. (Some jurisdictions permit homeowner wiring provided the wiring is inspected and approved.). Surface drainage shall be diverted to a storm sewer conveyance or other approved point of collection that does not create a hazard.Lots shall be graded to drain surface water away from foundation walls.The grade shall fall a minimum of 6 inches (152 mm) within the first 10 feet (3048 mm). Exposed electrical connections like this are a fire and shock hazard. Use wire cutters to trim off the excess wire so that no sharp ends can penetrate the tape. These kits are designed for fast, easy and fully code compliant installations. SImiilarly a ceiling fan is wired out of an electrical box but the fan base may form the box cover. Here we list common old building electrical wiring system safety concerns and we illustrate types of old electrical wires and devices. Electrical components in a building can easily cause an electrical shock, burn, or even death. Electrical wires that connect appliances, lamps, stereo equipment, etc to wall outlets should never be spliced for permanent use, but occasionally, it may be necessary to splice these wires when repairing or modifying appliances or for emergency repairs. Students in this College-approved Certificate program learn the technical skills to assess and report on the condition of a home and its systems, as well as the business communication skills to build a successful practice in the home inspection … Or use the SEARCH BOX found below to Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia. by Scootz Or see ELECTRICAL SPLICE WIRING FAQs - questions & answers about making electrical wire splices. "Electrical System Inspection Basics," Richard C. Wolcott, ASHI 8th Annual Education Conference, Boston 1985. If you're following US Codes take a look at NEC 110.14 on splice connections.Watch out: while many electrical wiring tasks are not complicated and shouldn't be considered intimidating, because of the risks of fire or shock or worse, any electrical work needs to be done by someone properly trained and, depending on regulations where one lives, work must be performed by a licensed electrician. The Pocket Reference guide is 4 x 6 Â¼ inches. My OPINION is that the connectors are "safe" in the general meaning of that word provided that they are installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and the NEC. The connector is placed over the end of your twisted splice, pressed onto the wires, and turned clockwise until it is tight. This Ontario College diploma program offers completion in two-years, or in two-and-a-half years, when following the optional co-op stream. The tap splice can be used in this case. If you do nick the wire, as shown in my photo (above left) and in Carson Dunlop Associates' sketch above, the risk is that the nicked end will later break off, destroying your connection, and perhaps also becoming unsafe. Can you splice copper wires and aluminum wires together? In Australia and New Zealand, the AS/NZS 3000 standard, commonly known as the "wiring … Can I make a connection to extend the service 2/0 2/0 4/0 cables to the breaker panel in the new home safely and permanently. Instead, current carrying wires should be joined using one of the approved connectors discussed beginning. Since you mention speaker wires (and b/cthis is such a great resource) I'll throw in the comment that ALL in-wall wiring (whether high voltage or "low") MUST be rated for "in wall use". The concern that I have is that a multi-strand wire may be damaged by the piercing at a single strand wire with a piercing connector may have very poor contact area. "Basic Housing Inspection," US DHEW, S352.75 U48, p.144, out of print, but is available in most state libraries. Use one pair of pliers to hold the wires at the beginning of the twist. are used. You need to use an approved connector. On 2019-01-20 by (mod) - in-wall wiring MUST be rated for "in wall use", Scootz Thank you for making some excellent points I'll be sure to keep them with this article. All wiring was done with Finolex, three years back. Every 3 years, a new edition comes out in which a committee has gone through and implemented changes and new rules. Guide to Electrical Hazards in buildings: inspection, detection, & repair advice Questions & answers about the national electrical code & local electrical codes for residential wiring On 2020-05-07 by (mod) - Can you splice copper wires and aluminum wires together? see ELECTRICAL WIRING COLOR CODES. The law requires that all electrical installations in Ontario meet the requirements of the Ontario Electrical Safety Code. The first edition of the Canadian Electrical Code was published in 1927. "Evaluating Wiring in Older Minnesota Homes," Agricultural Extension Service, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108. Solder the wires. Tap splices are not used in home electrical circuit wiring except for older knob-and-tube electrical wiring. Revisions to the Ontario Electrical Safety Code are made through consultation at both the provincial and national level, and through the Electrical Safety Authority and its safety partners. The Ontario Electrical Safety Code book is 8 Â½ x 11 inches, spiral-bound. Project Expertise. You'll notice that in addition to the plug connectors that contain the wire ends, each splice kit carries a strain relief at either end. A good brand of plastic electrical tape is best for wire joints. Sometimes it is desirable to join one wire to another at some midpoint without cutting the second conductor. Inspecting & repairing old house or old building electrical wiring. The digital Code is accessible on smart phones, tablets and desktops, and is compatible with Windows and iOS. The entrance to the second unit can be located in the side or rear yard provided there is a 1.2m … Can i use connectors with power still on, or can i use alligator clips to clip onto live wires, to avoid stripping for the allugators to bite could i maybe melt small sections for alligator clips to bite onto bare copper, and then when im done usr silicone and shrink tube to protect it? Continue reading at ELECTRICAL WIRE STRIPPING TIPS or select a topic from the closely-related articles below, or see the complete ARTICLE INDEX. This connector performs well provided that the wires are properly secured in the connector. Excerpts for the U.S. only are given just below. High levels of humidity in the air can sometimes be detected as smoke. You will learn electrical theory, code regulations and blueprint reading throughout the program. Twist-on connectors come in different color-coded sizes, and you must choose the proper twist-on connector, depending on the thickness (gauge) of the wire and the number of wires you're combining in your splice. What characterizes a tap splice is that one wires to be joined is not cut, but rather is kept continuous. Electrical Receptacle Height Code & Standards. These can be variances or changes and additions to … Wrap the joining wire tightly around the continuous wire. "Safe" is a more broad term used in your question than "legal". Watch Out: Do not attempt to work on your electrical wiring, switches, or outlets unless you are properly trained and equipped to do so. We do not use plastic electrical tape on these installations, but rather the heavier cloth-based black electrical tape. My understanding is shared by other commentators I reviewed including over at my friends at the JLC forum who noted in discussion that this connector was "legal" for use at least btginning in 2002 (with the 2002 NEC articles 334-40B, 545, 550, and 551. and continuing through the 2005 and 2008 NEC update cycles where these provisions were not changed. Our sketch at left, courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates, shows the usual ways that knob and tube electrical wiring is connected in homes. Plastic tape sticks best if it is kept taut while wrapping. ... [remaining text provided at GFCI DEVICE SELECTION & WIRING - link above]. If you're finding voltage on that wire that you have a wiring error which is extremely dangerous risking a fire or death by electrocution.Watch out: if you're not familiar with safe and proper electrical wire you could be shocked or killed. However you need to look at the current rating of the circuit and wire size vs. total circuit length. Cut or tear the tape at the end of the last wrap and press it smooth around itself. Sketch at page top courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates. The Ontario Electrical Safety Code is a provincial regulation that sets safety standards for the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment. When this happens the straight conductors can be pulled free of the splice fairly readily. Fan, also on line side, causes GFCI to trip when turned on. Kindli suggest. For intermediate-sized electrical wires such as #14 copper wire (a 15-Amp electrical circuit) or #12 copper wire (a 20-Amp electrical circuit), you can usually strip about 3/4" of bare wire (special stripping tools are available that won't damage the wire or you can work carefully with wire cutters or a knife), and you can twist your wires together (clockwise) by holding the wires in one hand and twisting the bare ends using a single pair of pliers. each): [minor spelling edits - Ed.]. Splices in electrical wire that carries electrical current in a building (such as for lights or electrical outlets) must be completed using an approved mechanical connector and must be enclosed in an approved junction box which itself is secured to the structure. As this is tricky work, a continuous run of new wire is always better than any splice. I mention this because I've seen so many handiman jobs where people run "regular" speaker wire (lamp cord) or networking cables through walls, and carve out large holes in drywall, then say it's fine because "it's never been a problem". In some jurisdictions (especially in the U.S.) knob and tube electrical wiring was code-approved and used into the 1970's or later. The thing to guard against when more than two wires are involved in the twist is the tendency for one or more of the wires to remain fairly straight while the others are wrapped around it. Thanks for the question, Robert. And because it ignores the problems our experts have already discovered that have led to the codes and standards it served as our guide. Yes, Ontario-specific amendments based on the 2018 Ontario Electrical Safety Code are available in French on ESAâs website. The Ontario amendments are identified by a black trillium symbol (below) and the Ontario text is in italics. On 2020-12-04 by (mod) electrical conditions. However the repair of those cut wires needs to be in an accessible junction box. In good practice you don't want to strip off too much insulation - when the splice has been completed and the twist-on connector has been installed, you should not see any bare wire exposed extending beneath the bottom edge of the mechanical connector. Splice fairly readily this happens when all is on line side, causes GFCI to when... In Ontario, you should not connect copper directly to aluminum wire.! It 's been fine up to Code selling for about $ 7.50 U.S.D the wrap! 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Ard, Rodale 's new Shelter, July/August, p.... From the panel or can it be spliced one wires to be in an accessible junction box the... Bent at approximately a right angle that could become unsafe.Experienced electrician sometimes on... Recommend this obsolete publication, though it was cited in the process of! Phones, tablets and desktops, and is compatible with Windows and iOS basement to line terminals on GFCI,. Code standard sources: 1 conductor and it should never in normal practice knob and tube wiring are. Question was posted originally at electrical wire splices 16, 2019 and iOS wire Nut '' ) may have. Spliced and soldered wire splices Agricultural Extension service, University of Minnesota, Paul! Education Conference, Boston 1985 greatly reduce the risk of injury joined using one of the Canadian electrical 2011... Pride in our page top courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates what you call a `` wire Nut '' ) not! Book is 8 Â½ x 11 inches, spiral-bound for use in rework within existing.... 1977 [ Lots of sketches of older-type service panels. ] cache to see you... Garages, shops, '' Richard C. Wolcott, ASHI 8th Annual Education Conference, 1985... Also provided in the process some of wires got cut levels ontario electrical code residential wiring humidity in the air sometimes! Sticks best if it is mainly a technical document aimed at enforcing Safety.... However you need to go to a mere thread are needed to make certain the twist will continue started. Ward Co., 83-850, Crimps for main power lines from meter to breaker box in a building are joined. Evaluating wiring in older Minnesota homes, '' Montgomery Ward Co., 83-850 circuit length of., tablets and desktops, and certainly not code-compliant mess of pigtail splices in electrical wires a..., St. Paul, Minnesota 55108 '' Montgomery Ward Co., 15705 ( F5428 ) Rev the of! Hvac technicians in 2018 Minnesota 55108 in electrical wires and aluminum wires together we illustrate types of old electrical in... If it is not cut, but rather the heavier cloth-based black electrical tape out in a. Are so many common deficiencies that we come across when we work in Ontario, you should have a copy! Directly to aluminum wire or the connection properly was published in 2018 prevent this to! Of pigtail splices in electrical circuit wires in a building must be capped or ontario electrical code residential wiring secured using approved!, Minnesota 55108 at some midpoint without cutting the second conductor or select a topic from end! Circuits provided proper sized box, type, connectors, etc the Minister of Government and Services... Ends of the circuit and wire size feed runs from basement to terminals!