(c) "non expessa fuere a" "exprimere humorem, hoc significari clarum est ex" Jud. How does Second Isaiah renew the power of Zion for the disoriented? The oil of olives was used commonly for this purpose. The account of their moral character, as the cause of their calamities, is given in Isaiah 1:10-14. See the Introduction for the historical background on this period. From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; They have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment; Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. The expression is applied usually to inflammations, as of boils, or to the swelling of the tonsils, etc. Commentary on Isaiah 60:1-6. (1-2) What Isaiah saw. Verse 6. The problems of society in Judah and Israel. He immediately follows through with his call as shown in chapters 2-5 by warning Israel of its sin. Lowth. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, &c.] By which is meant, not Hezekiah, as R. Moses F15 the priest, and others, since he was now born, and must be at least ten or twelve years of age; but the Messiah, as both the text and context show, and as is owned by many Jewish writers F16, ancient and modern: and he is called a "rod", either because of … ” —Isaiah 7:14–16. Neither mollified with ointment - Neither made soft, or tender, with ointment. "And he laid [it] upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is … (Isaiah 9:1-7). They have not been closed - That is, the lips had not been pressed together, to remove the blood from the wound. Together, they mean Such wounds and contusions as are inflicted upon man by scourging, or beating him. • Chapters 7-12 tell of Isaiah’s dealings with King Ahaz, who fears Kings Rezin of Aram and Pekah of Israel, who have determined to attack Jerusalem. ◄ Isaiah 1:6 ► From the sole of your foot to the top of your head, there is no soundness—only wounds and welts and festering sores neither cleansed nor bandaged nor soothed with oil. Comment. (1:1) Isaiah probably had a ministry that spanned 50 yearsor longer. Isaiah chapter 6 is a key point in understanding the historical background to the first 6 chapters of Isaiah. The whole figure in these two verses relates to their being punished for their sins. • Chapter 6 is an account of Isaiah’s vision in the temple, his call, his response, and the message that Yahweh gives him to take to the people. v1 I will show you what the *Lord, the *LORD of … God is so determined to proclaim the “good news of great joy for all the people” (Luke 2:10) that God reaches beyond fields in the region around Bethlehem to … Isaiah 1:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 1:6, NIV: "From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness-- only wounds and welts and open sores, not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with olive oil." mollified with ointment — The art of medicine in the East consists chiefly in external applications (Luke 10:34; James 5:14). This mode of punishment was common among the Jews; as it is at the East at this time. Isaiah 1:6. What Does Isaiah 61:1 Mean? Immanuel means “God with us.” Like Isaiah 9:6, this verse is believed to be a prophecy about Jesus. Isaiah 1-6 King James Version (KJV) 1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. Your country is desolate - This is the literal statement of what he had just affirmed by a figure. It is often indeed adduced to prove the doctrine of depravity; but it has no direct reference to it, and it should not be adduced to prove that people are depraved, or applied as referring to the moral condition of man. The Septuagint renders it elegantly πληγή φλγμαίνουσα plēgē flegmainous, a swelling, or tumefying wound. Proud member Ointment - Hebrew oil. "The vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem thatIsaiah son of Amoz saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah,kings of Judah." January 6, 2016. Isaiah 1:6 KJV From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment. From the sole of the foot even unto the head [there is] Ebr. On these far-spreading desolations, he fixes the eye distinctly first. In fact, the Gospel of Matthew quotes this passage in 1:23 as it recounts the story of Jesus’ birth. They constitute an optimistic, joyful unit. This chapter provides an introduction to the issues of sin, judgement, and hoped-for restoration which form the overarching structure of the whole book. Poetry with the Fragments of Zion. It is taken from the appearance of a man who is severely, beaten, or scourged for crime; whose wounds had not been dressed, and who was thus a continued bruise, or sore, from his head to his feet. A … Right so that, very briefly, is the prophetic interpretation of Isaiah 60:1-6. Isaiah received his call to the prophetic office in Isaiah 6. wounds — judicially inflicted (Hosea 5:13). (18-23) And deliverance. It relates solely to their punishment. "from the rest of the people, even unto the princes, there is none among them who is perfect in my fear;''. Sir John Chardin, in his note on Proverbs 3:8, 'It shall be health to thy navel, and marrow to thy bones,' observes, that the comparison is taken from the plasters, ointments, oils, and frictions, which are made use of in the East in most maladies. No soundness - מתם methôm, from תמם tâmam, to be perfect, sound, uninjured. שׁמן shemen. 1 The vision(A)concerning Judah and Jerusalem(B)that Isaiah son of Amoz saw(C)during the reigns of Uzziah,(D)Jotham,(E)Ahaz(F)and Hezekiah,(G)kings of Judah. mollified with ointment—The art of medicine in the East consists chiefly in external applications (Lu 10:34; Jas 5:14). In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple.Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. Salem Media Group. So the Targum, ``from the rest of the people, even unto the princes, there is none among them who is perfect in my fear;'' Gospel. Putrifying sores - The Hebrew rather means recent, or fresh wounds; or rather, perhaps, a running wound, which continues fresh and open; which cannot be cicatrized, or dried up. - From the sole of the foot even unto the head (comp. From the sole of the foot even unto the head [there is] no soundness in it Every member of the body politic was afflicted in one way or another, or sadly infected with the disease of sin; see ( Psalms 28:3) . Isaiah 63:1-6 is a fascinating back and forth conversation between the prophet Isaiah (a "watchman" on the wall - cf Isa 62:6), and the Messiah. 1. (7-12) God's love to the church. 'In Judea,' says Tavernier, 'they have a certain preparation of oil, and melted grease, which they commonly use for the healing of wounds.' vi. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 60:1-6 EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 60-62: THE CONTEXT These three chapters promise great things to the people of Jerusalem and record the rejoicing that they will experience upon the fulfillment of those promises. The Targum paraphrases the words thus, "they do not leave their haughtinesses, nor are they desirous of repentance, nor have they any righteousness to protect them.''. (13-17) Its increase. Had he begun with the statement of their depravity, they would probably have revolted at it. Compare the note at Isaiah 38:21. . of That statement will fully account for the many woes which had come on the nation. Indeed, Zion comes to hold trans-historical meaning as a powerful visionary homeland. (l) Every part of the body, the least as well as the chiefest was plagued. (Read Isaiah 6:1-8) In this figurative vision, the temple is thrown open to view, even to the most holy place. There is nothing more innocent and helpless than a little lamb and Christ being led to the slaughter for the sin of the world, is portrayed as a gentle, harmless, guiltless, little lamb. This word means a contusion, or the effect of a blow where the skin is not broken; such a contusion as to produce a swelling, and livid appearance; or to make it, as we say, black and blue. In this there was much art. Every member of the body politic was afflicted in one way or Isaiah 1:6 - From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, … From the sole of the foot even unto the head. It is all smitten and sore. . Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 3 The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. Isaiah 6 – Isaiah’s Conviction, Cleansing and Call A. The art of medicine, in the East, consists chiefly in external applications; accordingly the prophet's images in this place are all taken from surgery. All rights reserved. (1-6) Gracious promise to the Gentiles. The resemblance between a man severely beaten, and entirely livid and sore, and a land perfectly desolate, was so impressive as to arrest the attention. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The cause of this the prophet states afterward, Isaiah 1:10 ff. 2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the Lord hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. . To gain a fuller appreciation … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 60:1-6" Isaiah 55 goes on to say this:- “the rain comes down from heaven. Hence, the good Samaritan is represented as pouring in oil and wine into the wounds of the man that fell among thieves Luke 10:34; and the apostles were directed to anoint with oil those who were sick; James 5:14; compare Revelation 3:18. Isaiah 1:6, ESV: "From the sole of the foot even to the head, there is no soundness in it, but bruises and sores and raw wounds; they are not pressed … The unbelief and rejection of the Jews. By Jon … Ling. Great use was made, in Eastern nations, of oil, and various kinds of unguents, in medicine. no The Targum is, "they are all stubborn and rebellious, they are defiled with sins as an ulcerous plaster.''. Bruises - חבורה chabbûrâh. There is no part unaffected; no part that is sound. This idea of the heaven giving up the rain so that it may fall upon the thirsty ground to nourish it, brings us back to the opening words of Isaiah 55 “Ho! (m) Their plagues were so grievous that they were incurable, and yet they would not repent. With great skill he first reminds them of what they saw and knew, that they were severely punished; and then states to them the cause of it. Abarbanel and Kimchi say that the word rendered here "wounds" (פצע petsa‛, a verbal from פצע pâtsa‛ to wound, to mutilate), means an open wound, or a cut from which blood flows. "Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, … (24-26) Commentary on Isaiah 49:1-6 (Read Isaiah 49:1-6) The great Author of redemption shows the authority for his work. 38. But being presented with a statement of their sufferings, which they all saw and felt, they were prepared for the statement of the cause. So probably, as with the other titles, the one word serves to qualify the other—he is a wonder of a counselor. Of the calamities to which the prophet refers, they could have no doubt. To find access to the consciences of sinners, and to convince them of their guilt, it is often necessary to remind them first of the calamities in which they are actually involved; and then to search for the cause. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. but wounds, and bruises, and putrefying sores; to which either public calamities on a city or nation may be compared, Hosea 5:13 or the sins and transgressions both of single persons, and of whole bodies of men, Psalm 38:5. and waters the earth” (v10) so that it may bring forth fruit. He first states their wretched condition, obvious to all (Isaiah 1:6-9); and then, not previously, their irreligious state, the cause of it. 5 Why should ye be stricken any … This prophecy was fulfilled about seven centuries later by Jesus, of Nazareth, our Messiah and Redeemer. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible. So Vatablus, Junius & Tremellius. But wounds - The precise shade of difference between this and the two following words may not be apparent. This passage, therefore, has no reference to their moral character. See Isaiah 9:13-16. At least in 51:1-6, the prophet makes poetry of Israel’s fragmented traditions. The Spirit of God in some way has "transported" the prophet to a time future to himself and even future to today (2014). Isaiah 60 casts a magnificent vision of Zion’s future — full of light, prosperity, and prestige. Isaiah 11:1. They were every where visible in all their cities and towns. The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. 4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward. Isaiah 1:6 Context. This city, whose history is riddled with the wreckage of war and marked by the scars of empire, will exchange the sounds of violence and ruin for the clamor of reconstruction and international traffic. The sense either is, that they were not reformed by their afflictions; or that they did not repent of their sins, nor seek to God for healing and pardon, nor make use of any means for their more healthful state and condition. Psalm 38:3, 7) - all is one wound, one livid bruise, one festering sore.Note the use of the singular number in the original. Psalms 28:3 ) (1) Isaiah does not say that he saw the Divine Essence; and all that his words fairly imply, is, that he saw a manifestation, or vision of Yahweh - some striking symbolic representation of him. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. It was an unhealed, undressed, all-pervading sore. From the sole of the foot even unto the head [there is] no soundness in it Every member of the body politic was afflicted in one way or another, or sadly … Job 2:7).From top to bottom, the body corporate is diseased throughout - there is no soundness in it (cf. But there is nothing more dim-witted, empty-headed and gullible than sheep, and we who are the sheep of His pasture are likened to stupid, straying sheep. The conviction of the prophet. Gusset. INTRO TO ISAIAH 1-6: Introduction to Isaiah chapters 1-6. Commentary on Matthew 2:1-12. Isaiah 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah, and is one of the Book of the Prophets. ... King, went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day (as was his custom) and He stood up, unrolled the scroll of the prophet Isaiah - and found the place where it was written: the SPIRIT of the Lord GOD is upon ME . another, or sadly infected with the disease of sin; see ( So the Targum. Isaiah 1:6. p. 227. They have not been closed; that is, the wounds and sores have not been healed; or "they have not been pressed" or "squeezed" (c), in order to get the purulent matter out of them: neither bound up; with bands, after the matter is squeezed out, and a plaster laid on: neither mollified with ointment; which is used for the supplying and healing of wounds; see Luke 10:34. Isaiah tells of a time to come when a great light will come and shine throughout the land now draped in darkness. It is the coming of the Lord and the glory of His kingdom in Jerusalem during the Millennium. 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