The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. The plant requires regular watering and applications of fertilizer throughout the year,[2] although it will die if the leaves are wet frequently. �e ��d�0���#E��� �s������S(���"vi)���P)��X�%g��B���tʹ���.�$��H�鮳����Xޣ� ӥ�^2-�ՎϏ�k.4I6�������W+1Tk�)4wϕ��o�]5�S���_�uS4�J�H��hnIw�)��U�7t]И��z��N����K������q��x`�HB�ۊv�8�!�v�;cwK{e���5Q���#zt�.-�:����{ The plant has also been used in Assam to treat wounds, cuts and bruises. In India, the plant is most common in North-East, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. Epiphytic orchids have special types of roots called velamen roots through which atmospheric moisture and nutrients are absorbed. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhynchostylis Retusa. Rhynchostylis retusa is a monopodial, epiphytic and medicinal orchid. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Rhynchostylis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of … Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume Accepted Name Cat-tail Orchid Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Asparagales > Orchidaceae > Rhynchostylis > Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume c�� A��HǾn2-����3O�%V]GI[���'�bޯ����tq�PA:�8����!`�=ߗb] ��;n�|K�@��\��n�GC]ʚ��M�:�5��HM���(���#P�P�]bF�2�2Ϣ%^6���5�H��Y�fX��O�ΰ(;�!�(=�frs4t�%W\�f�Z��=ʥ�F�Vg2e�KK��8%� ��q�!���6ۺE�W5jhݠ;�Ox>*]J�Bc���E��x�Og�zW��-���ʛ�=Ӌm����g3>>� 6��KƧi���{���d&/��#��Ů�3N���Ԩ֮+,���h�*����v��{�w����{>�%���dgG06�����c�����[email protected]�\�Ă�" �@DAl |͛���x�\7u�/�"C`�Nf�/��H]$��N����c���P��p� �L鏗#��`���3>�M��1�y�, dT"�ef/Y`���C��ix�9�y{����_��/��9�i6E3�r��hEQ��d���f25bJo~��*5*��~�q �b u���'�\�b�C�!�K�^�X�O�^�n�C�/@-��H�2pb��+�F��Cw :�d'J�O[�����ա+g����;�O�N��߁:O��AF���4�w��L���?� c6��,�t[� �yF,1�X����[b��J{��'�C���:4��%�*��ͮ�� �69Ƌͣ���ː?&D�"�"HL��" �+��DR����|}}���a��\��X So they should receive partial sunlight, and take care not to put them directly under the sun: Rhynchostylis plants are sensitive to bright light. Plants Available: The plant available is the plant pictured in the last two photos—mature, double-spiked, just beginning to open (as of 5/6/20). … Feb 22, 2020 - Rhynchostylis retusa! The sap of the roots are applied as a soothing salve for minor cuts and wounds, the leaf powder for pain relief in rheumatism, and the dried orchid flowers are prepared as a natural insect repellent and to induce vomiting. How Rhynchostylis Retusa is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Sat 9am to 2pm. gigantea is the only one that doesn't really need resting period and blooms pretty much any time of the year, but heaviest blooms from fall to winter. Tue 9am to 4pm. Akhter et al. It can be found in Bhutan, Cambodia, China (Guizhou, Yunnan), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.[3]. USE OF ORCHIDS IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE Orchids like Brachycorythis obcordata, Coelogyne cristata, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, In many countries, orchids have been used Otochilus porrectus, Rhynchostylis retusa, as traditional drugs for a very long time (Bulpit Satyrium nepalense and Vanda cristata are still et al., 2007). The inflorescence is a pendant raceme, consisting of more than 100 pink-spotted white flowers. endobj Salahuddin Sarder, Moutushi Khan Tuti, Khoshnur Jannat and Mohammed Rahmatullah Considering serenity of the habitat of AR and traditional use of orchids by the locals, we selected three relatively unexplored plants in-cluding Rhynchostylis retusa (Rr), Tropidia curculioides The plant has also been used in Assam to treat wounds, cuts and bruises. Wed 9am to 4pm. The Indian retusa is also notable for its … In Malabar District various preparations of the plant were used against asthma and tuberculosis and for 'nervous twitchings' (referable possibly to tic disorder), cramp, epileptic spasms, vertigo, palpitations, kidney stone and menstrual disorder. Also Read About Assam I hope the article "Foxtail Orchid (Rhynchostylis retusa) or Kopou Flower" … Alternatively, feed the plant weekly, using a fertilizer mixed to one … This orchid is closely linked with the people of Assam and known as Kopou Phul in Assamese language. Under the name of rasna the root is used to t… retusa bloom during fall/winter and coelestics blooms from late spring-early fall and both bloom after slight dry cool rest. Selecting herb vegetation on your backyard relies upon truly on what you prioritize to be used. <> 6, Issue 4, Part A. S. No. Several species have been found to contain alkaloids. Some species of genus which are Dendrobium nobile L., Dendrobium fimbriatum Hook and Pholidota articulate Lindl. Under the name of rasna the root is used to treat rheumatism throughout the Indian subcontinent.[5]. In Andhra Pradesh, the plant is called by Telugu name Chintaranamu. Shahanoor Rohani, Tarana Afrooz, Md. endobj Rhynchostylis retusa is a medicinal orchid, used to cure blood dysentery, Tuberculosis, epilepsy, menstrual disorders, fewer, gout, Asthma, rheumatism, Malarial fewer etc. Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Bl., a monopodial epiphytic orchid species with attractive flowers arranged in racemose inflorescence, ranks among the important Indian ornamental orchids. Leaves 5-9 x 3-5 cm, ovate, rounded at base and apex; golden tomentose below; petiole to 1 cm long. Title and Authors Name ... Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume: A potential plant to cure paralysis. The Plant List includes 11 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Rhynchostylis.Of these 3 are accepted species names. <> 2 0 obj Rhynchostylis retusa (also called foxtail orchid) is an orchid, belonging to the Vanda alliance. Among these, Rhynchostylis retusa is a promising orchid as it has both medicinal and economic value. Editorial use only photos don't have any model or property releases, which means they can't be used for commercial, promotional, advertorial or endorsement purposes. Some medicinal orchids were used in antibacteria, tonic and … &�쌉ŝ:M� t�> p*O'��h�X� Z��T��� 4�� hK�%K�EKQK�@�2! The genus possesses valuable medicinal properties meriting in-depth pharmacological investigation, including antispasmodic and antiseptic activity. This type of content is intended to be used in connection with events that are newsworthy or of general interest (for example, in a blog, textbook, newspaper … [2], The plant is an epiphyte growing on tree trunks in open forests or at forest margins at elevations of 300–1,500 m (980–4,920 ft). Rhynchostylis retusa f. albiflora (I.Barua & Bora) Christenson (2005) Saccolabium blumei Lindl. retusa is the Indian variety—a far less common find than the Thai retusas typically grown and sold in the states. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.02 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Adding Kopou ful to one's hair while wearing traditional Assamese attire adds elegance to the beauty of a women. Similar and additional medicinal uses have been reported for these species from Sri Lanka and India, especially V. tessellata, which, like Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume, is locally … In Assam, it is popularly known as কপৌ ফুল (Kopou Ful), and is an integral part of a Bihu dancer's attire. Species. 22700 Taylor Drive, Bradenton, FL, 34211, United States (941) 322-1644 [email protected] The unmistakeable spicy fragrance is consistent across this genus, whether the species blooms in the winter or summer. stream Plant parts used: Leaf. plant, Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume (Orchidaceae family) known in English as Foxtail Orchid, used by a folk medicinal practitioner (FMP) of Naogaon district, Bangladesh to treat paralysis arising from any causes. RHYNCHOSTYLIS RETUSA: At this time of the year, we have Rhynchostylis retusa (a common orchid of this place) in plenty. BROWSE ONLINE INVENTORY . Medicinal orchids prefer tropical climate though, a few of them grow under ex-treme climatic conditions also. have anticancer properties. (2011) reported the medicinal use of R. retusa in Nepal: the sap of the roots is applied to cuts and wounds, leaf powder is used to treat rheumatism, and the dried flowers are used as an insect repellent and to induce vomiting. x��=ے۸���?�ڲi Ar�r�/�'���v6��I`3ה[ ��Լx�t�u�/_��|�-6�o/��������/^\�7e�we]��ͫWޛwo�7_�>y�>�"�}�~�$�B�/���Li�}�}�$�n���>���V������0����[��7u�շn4��uw��� K'��4 ��dd�p�A���7��� �~V&%Ƴ`�T��c�� �΢ �Ud(99�&�T��c��x�� 9�H�Oo?��BC�0Hb�ް ���{�o���x ��P2Ȅ�{������Ǽ����z����HNIE��\A1 ��^=������*�y�U�׫���>��_l�{�.+�/vyյ�Ż��\��P""=^u��" "5+\cet�D��F�IY �shB��b���c�@��U ��d�v�����|�`��t�r�M�hB�Ąi�m��k�(Y�Tt�V� �٪�#��N�[email protected]�s`hu^VDtl�� It is famous for its use as an hair-ornament worn by Assamese women during folk dance Bihu on the onset of spring. List of various diseases cured by Rhynchostylis Retusa. Roots of V. tessellata were used to treat scorpion stings, bronchitis, and rheumatism, and a leaf paste of this species was used to suppress fever. ��Do+1��m���(�`���s��0�̎B�yr=nX��S��{u�U�s_�}2,�a��a�Ő��@�*&��������~ �%UAO�\��I#�da�‹�-��G18�EЖ(J��o.���B�p!�S#.��[email protected]{��z�6`v��z�2�Qυ�u���F3_m�j],iAD~g�%�;C�h�s侮y\*�:�1�y��܀Z*m=�ES_m[7�ٸ��W�-����Î|�@�����ɌK$?1��u ��E��\�u�{ ;���m���o#cM� �1#��9��`Ҟ}�������=�޸�F��� �z�;�sN$5Ɩ��q/��8��[�4ɲ��bJ-���* Rhychostylis retusa is recognized as the state flower of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India as well the Uva Province of Sri Lanka. (1841) Saccolabium blumei var. Feed Rhynchostylis foxtail orchids every other watering, using a balanced fertilizer with an NPK ratio, such as 20-20-20. Thu 9am to 4pm. Names of Rhynchostylis Retusa in various languages of the world are also given. The plant has been used as an emollient in India and Nepal. In Nepal, Rhynchostylis retusa orchids were reportedly used as an ingredient in traditional herbal medicine. Rhynchostylis gigantea. Growing Conditions . [citation needed] It prefers indirect lighting. Source by vikseeder2015. Rhynchostylis retusa Blume: Banda, Rasna (Sanskrit) Seeta pushpa (Hindi), Fox tail orchid; Cat tail orchid: ... richest and most diverse cultural traditions called ‘folk traditions’ associated with the use medicinal herbs and it is still a living tradition in India . Rhynchostylis retusa. Fri 9am to 4pm. %PDF-1.5 The plant is considered to be a symbol of love, fertility and merriment and, for this reason, the inflorescence forms an essential element in the traditional Assamese marriage ceremony. By Bishnu Saikia – Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link. Rhynchostylis orchid has typical Vandaceous habitus – it is a monopodial plant with leathery leaves, which are oppositely arranged, silvery-green roots with thick velamen layer, and flowers, born in racemes. Source by vikseeder2015. [4], In Malabar District various preparations of the plant were used against asthma and tuberculosis and for 'nervous twitchings' (referable possibly to tic disorder), cramp, epileptic spasms, vertigo, palpitations, kidney stone and menstrual disorder. endobj (3{9���t�Mg�sp�9�R�afp�_��@����[V���O��#�^�W�R����Σ���i�K������J� Z)D)r����+b�y�eq�c8�kC1�F�N�[q�6 %���� Medicinal plants are distributed throughout the world and widely used in everyday life as part of folk medicinal remedies. national markets. majus F.Buyss. Light: Naturally, these orchids grow in shady conditions underneath a forest canopy. During the winter, the plant benefits from a light feeding every three weeks, using the same fertilizer mixed to half strength. It could be a variety of backyard supposed for culinary, medicinal or ornamental functions and on the … Abstract. Rhynchostylis retusa. Orchid Biology: Reviews and Perspectives, III ed. The plant has a short, stout, creeping stem carrying up to 12, curved, fleshy, deeply channeled, keeled, retuse apically leaves and blooms on an axillary pendant to 60 cm (24 in) long, racemose, densely flowered, cylindrical inflorescence that occurs in the winter and early spring. Statistics. 4 0 obj The plant has been used as an emollient in India and Nepal. Subedi et al. <>>> 85.00. Water: When it comes to water, very moist, humid conditions are necessary.Mist … 3 0 obj 2018, Vol. I����;�4i���>��*k��p�'0�֚8� �/FO�t�5��݈���vN���Xt� �k:�����i�X�z�*���Y+gѤ�L>���;�ӗ����^J�Y����t�ɫ܌x��@�N�k�����O�`䒂�]�=`'�nJl��r���I�����t���({���㇮t�;B&�֏f�-2���yy�q���'���˓�����V�� ޕ����]��+�Ui�s�S��8�X˅�ԙ��(eg%)Y��W��o�&�h�;�v'G��$>���ԝb8�#R`����,���@�#Z��e��������k��-���І�]���[���:0����R�_*��>��`�Mc�SYW �f��U]�h���q����X�}��MS��3�~[�܆�t[�͗{ߛ|����e�틆Jnu���a(j�A�LOX"�4R���Կ����l� The Subtribe was changed from Sarcanthinae (Benth, 1881) to Aeridinae (Pfitzer, 1887) in 1972. Rhynchostylis retusa is a monopodial, epiphytic and medicinal orchid. T. curculioides is an endangered plant commonly found in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal … Rhynchostylis retusa is the type … Hours. 2017 reported that Rhynchostylis retusa have been used by the tribal communities of different parts of south east Bangladesh for treatment of paralysis, rheumatism, piles, You must be knowing, in Assam girls decorate their hair with this orchid, in BIHU dance (in their language the flower is known as KOPOP PHUL).Attaching an image of this beautiful orchid. Rhynchostylis gigantea has definitely become a collector's item in recent years with ever more unusual color forms being introduced into the marketplace. The oldest references to the use of medicinal herbs in India are … 1 0 obj Comparative ethnomedicinal uses of this plant and possible validation for the use of the plant in paralysis … Palmer Orchids. Rhynchostylis retusa (bihu orchid) the species of the genus Rhynchostylis has its wide distribution in the whole of the Northeastern region. In East Asia, species from other genera were used for other medicinal purposed for thousands of years, as anti-inflammatory, against fever, for pain relief, fertility and rarely as an aphrodisiac. One species, Rhy. Feb 22, 2020 - Rhynchostylis retusa! ��U:jg����1_��,,+3�����o�2��5�U�h����a0U�·�� ��EL,��P¢2)�ؔ����s����_�˱$�QOFX �yˍ�Hd��]GG��;���� ���t/b���w� �ͫ�. Parasitic shrubs; branches erect, tomentose. [ Mg7�K��Kw9��\�t�ьr�S���t�%��c�܇����E�J?����} )��~�0]M��,H���).�]�,�QG8� ����:���E�^2�ps�D. Due to bio-piracy,[citation needed] the plant is on the verge of extinction in India. Fresh juice is extracted from the leaves of the plant is applied on the infected skin twice a day for three days to treat skin disease. This species can … Dendrobium moschatum, Pholidota articulate, Rhynchostylis retusa were recorded their uses and part used. Comparative population studies using PCR based markers, RAPD and ISSR, were performed to assess the genetic diversity of the wild orchid. Women use this flower as a head ornament and wear it around their bun while they dance bihu, a folk dance of Assam. The roots of R. retusa are used in folk medicine for rheumatism, asthma, tuberculosis, nervous twitchings, cramps, infantile epilepsy, vertigo, palpitation, kidney stone, and menstrual disorders [ 4 ]. Ethnomedicinal uses: Leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of blood dysentery, menstrual disorders, fever, and gout. But Kopouphool, or Rhynchostylis retusa, is special because it also has medicinal qualities. Arditti,Joseph,pub.Comstock Publishing Associates - a division of Cornell University Press 1984, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhynchostylis_retusa&oldid=991187023, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:10. Flowering usually occurs in late spring. This particular Rhy. An epiphytic orchid, it is famed for its marvellous, long-lasting blooms. of medicinal importance [2]. Such is its beauty, usefulness and broad cultural significance in the state, that this spectacular wildflower is also grown as a much-loved garden plant by almost all Assamese families and has justly been adopted as the state flower of Assam. The flowering spike (inflorescence) is used by the girls to adorn their retusa, is referred to as the … Plants are distributed throughout the world are also given f. albiflora ( I.Barua & Bora ) Christenson ( ). Weekly, using the same fertilizer mixed to half strength is on onset... Herb vegetation on your backyard relies upon truly on what you prioritize to be.. To one … Parasitic shrubs ; branches erect, tomentose articulate, retusa... Of the wild orchid retusa bloom during fall/winter and coelestics blooms from late spring-early fall and both after... Their uses and part used during fall/winter and coelestics blooms from late spring-early fall and both bloom after dry. Root is used to treat wounds, cuts and bruises recent years with ever more color. 'S hair while wearing traditional Assamese attire adds elegance to the beauty of a women is in! Rheumatism throughout the world and widely used in Assam to treat wounds, cuts and bruises from Sarcanthinae Benth! 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Types of roots called velamen roots through which atmospheric moisture and Nutrients are absorbed.�... Traditional Assamese attire adds elegance to the use of medicinal plants studies other watering, using a balanced fertilizer an. By 3.0, Link Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India species names orchids prefer tropical though... Herb vegetation on your backyard relies upon truly on what you prioritize be..., Link Rhynchostylis retusa is the Indian subcontinent. [ 5 ] …... Species blooms in the winter or summer to treat rheumatism throughout the Indian retusa is the Indian retusa is pendant... ( inflorescence ) is used to treat rheumatism throughout the world are also given treatment of blood dysentery menstrual!